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Prereduced Pellets from Iron and Steelmaking Wastes.

Dressel WM; Barnard PG; Fine MM
Pres At Ann Mtg SME AIME Chicago Illinois SME Preprint 73-B-82 1973 Feb; :12 pages
Over 2 million tons of steel furnace dusts are produced each year in the United States. Recycling of these dusts rather than disposal would conserve mineral resources, reduce land requirements for disposal, and decrease pollution. In addition to the iron content, the dusts contain appreciable amounts of zinc and lead. Removal of lead and zinc with simultaneous reduction of iron oxide has been achieved by inert atmosphere roasting of carbon-containing pellets prepared from steel furnace wastes. High- and low-carbon wastes were blended to obtain mixtures with sufficient carbon to serve as a reductant during subsequent roasting. The mixtures were pelletized with the addition of bentonite and water, and the dried pellets were roasted in a stream of nitrogen at temperatures ranging from 900 deg to 1,150 deg c. Zinc and lead contents were reduced to the 0.1 percent level or less by roasting mixtures containing as little as 7 percent carbon for 1 hour at 1,100 deg c. Iron metallization increases with available carbon content; 50 percent metallization is achieved with 7 percent carbon, 85 percent metallization with 12.5 percent carbon, and over 95 percent metallization when the pelletized mixtures contained in excess of 20 percent carbon.
Publication Date
Document Type
Fiscal Year
Identifying No.
OP 42-73
NIOSH Division
Source Name
Pres. At Ann. Mtg. SME, AIME, Chicago, Illinois, SME Preprint 73-B-82, Feb. 25-Mar. 1, 1973
Page last reviewed: October 8, 2021
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division