NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search

Preparation of high-purity vanadium by magnesium reduction of vanadium dichloride.

Authors
Campbell-TT; Schaller-JL; Block-FF
Source
Metall Trans 1973 Jan; 4(1):237-241
NIOSHTIC No.
10010577
Abstract
High-purity vanadium was made by magnesium reduction of vanadium dichloride. Procedures used included (1) the preparation of vanadium tetrachloride by chlorination of partially reduced vanadium oxide-carbon briquets, (2) rechlorination of crude vanadium tetrachloride containing oxychloride compounds, (3) thermal decomposition of vanadium tetrachloride to vanadium trichloride, (4) hydrogen reduction or thermal disproportionation of vanadium trichloride to vanadium dichloride, (5) magnesium reduction of vanadium dichloride to vanadium sponge, and (6) consolidation of vanadium sponge to metal by arc-melting. This work showed that higher yields of high-quality vanadium metal can be prepared by reduction of vanadium dichloride than can be prepared from trichloride. Metal of >99.8 pct purity was prepared by magnesium reduction of vanadium dichloride with reaction efficiencies approaching 98 pct. Only minor losses of vanadium are experienced because of the high efficiencies of the individual process steps and because of the potential for recycling process streams.
Keywords
Metallurgical-processes; Mineral-processing; Chemical-reactions; Metal-compounds; Metallic-compounds; Magnesium-compounds; Vanadium-compounds
CODEN
MTTBCR
CAS No.
7440-62-2; 7439-95-4; 7782-50-5
Publication Date
19730101
Document Type
OP; Journal Article
Fiscal Year
1973
Identifying No.
OP 28-73
Issue of Publication
1
ISSN
0360-2141
NIOSH Division
ALRC
Source Name
Metallurgical Transactions. B. Process Metallurgy
State
OR
Page last reviewed: April 12, 2019
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division