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Exhaust Emissions from Small Utility, Internal Combustion Engines.
Sas Paper 720197, 1972 Jan; :9 pages
This report results from an exploratory experimental study designed to add information on the contribution to air pollution of exhaust emissions from small, utility engines, and to evaluate the procedures used to test small engines. Gross measurements of hydrocarbon, carbon monoxide, and nitric oxide are reported for 29 4- cycle and seven 2-cycle engines; sizes of the engines ranged from 2 to 22 hp. Emission measurements were made on each engine for nine combinations of load and air-fuel adjustments; only one speed point-- full governed--was covered in the tests. An overall average of the data indicate that, operated at full-load and optimum air-fuel ratio, the 4-cycle engines emitted about 8 g hc, 180 g CO, and 5 g NO2 per horsepower-hour. Under comparable conditions, the 3 to 6 hp 2-cycle engines emitted an average of 140 g hc, 240 g CO, and 2 g NO2 per horsepower-hour.
SAS Paper No. 720197, January 1972
Page last reviewed: September 2, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division