The U.S.S.R. is one of the largest producers, consumers, and exporters of nonfuel minerals in the world. In addition, it has one of the world's largest resource bases. Recently, some analysts have concluded that the U.S.S.R. Will become import dependent for a broad range of nonfuel minerals. To examine this question in greater detail, the Bureau of Mines held a symposium on this topic and had papers prepared on the subject. This study not only draws on those papers but sets forth an outlook for the soviet union's nonfuel mineral position through 1990.