This study is directed toward providing an understanding of the economic complexities associated with subsidence damage to the surface resulting from underground mining. Some of the pertinent theories on the physical stresses involved are reviewed, and both remedial measures and relevant laws in various countries are discussed. Part I (chapters 1-3) is an historical overview of various aspects of subsidence problems (theoretical, remedial, and legal) during pre-World War I, between world wars, and post-World War II, respectively. Part II (chapters 4-9) presents a comprehensive analysis of the economic aspects of subsidence in relation to (1) carrying out the lowest cost mining method without regard for any surface subsidence, (2) special mining techniques, (3) partial mining, (4) full recovery with stowing, and (5) sterilization or leaving the mineral unmined beneath selected areas. These alternatives are evaluated in terms of their measurable expenses.