This report briefly summarizes the 6-month first phase of a comprehensive study of the anthracite region of Pennsylvania. Purpose of the study is to develop a comprehensive view of the critical factors that influence economic growth in mining communities there, with special emphasis on the total quality of the community environment. This first phase report defines and describes the area and analyzes its infrastructure (land, transportation, and public utilities), economy, government, development plans, and certain specific community characteristics. Volume I, executive summary, presents the principal observations, insights, and recommendations developed by the study. Volume II, the current situation, contains a geographical definition of the area, a description of the general physical environment, an analysis of the effects of the decline of the anthracite industry in terms of the community characteristics of Scranton. Carbondale, and five other metropolitan areas, a discussion of the economy of the area, a discussion of the role of government in improving environmental quality and sustaining economic growth in the area.