NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search
Conversion of Urban Refuse to Oil.
Appell-HR; Wender-I; Miller-RD
NTIS: PB 192 414 :5 pages
Urban refuse, cellulosic wastes, and sewage sludge have been converted to heavy oil by heating under pressure with carbon monoxide and steam. Conversions of the organic matter to oil, water, and gas have averaged near 90 percent at temperatures of 250 deg. to 400 deg. C and pressures of 1,500 to 5,000 psi. The yield of oil, based on the dry organic matter of the waste materials, is usually near 40 percent. This is the equivalent of more than 2 barrels of oil per ton of dry, ash-free waste material. The oil from urban refuse and cellulosic wastes has a sulfur content near 0.1 percent. This low sulfur content makes the oil from refuse a desirable source of fuel oil. (Out of print.)
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS: PB 192 414
Page last reviewed: April 12, 2019
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division