This volume summarizes mining and petroleum legislation in 18 European jurisdictions. Within these jurisdictions, primary attention is given to requirements that must be met in each country for acquisition of rights to permit development of mineral resources. Coverage includes (1) identification of the controlling laws or statutes governing minerals acquisition and reference to the administrative authority; (2) analysis of the laws governing mines and quarries and their products; (3) analysis of laws applicable to natural gas, petroleum, and related materials; and (4) mention of laws regulating offshore operations. Where pertinent, sections dealing with historical background or administration have been added. In countries where minerals are subject to control of states or provinces, those areas are considered separately from the central government.