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Influence of rock fractures and block boundary weakening on cavability.
Ann Mtg Soc Min Eng AIME New York 1975 Feb; :1-24
This paper presents the results of a parametric study of the influence of natural features (stress field, rock strength, and strength and orientation of fractures) as well as the influence of induced features (undercut span, boundary slot, and other boundary-weakening measures) on the cavability of an undercut block of ore in mining by the block-caving method. The two-dimensional finite element analysis technique was used for this study. A coarse "mesh," along with linear homogeneous assumptions for rock properties, was used to model the problem of initiation of caving in a block of ore. Interpretation of the test results suggests that weakening the "abutments" of the block as well as certain orientations of natural fractures exercise significant influence on cavability. These findings hold promise for immediate application to known situations in block-caving mines.
Mining; Mining industry; Rock mechanics; Geologic structures; Analytical processes; Materials testing; Structural analysis; Structural failure
Ann. Mtg., Soc. Min. Eng., AIME, New York, Feb. 16-20, 1975, Preprint 75-Am-9