The application and limitation of the various equipment available for surface coal mining are discussed. The correction factors for adjusting equipment performance arising from machine design, material characteristics, and modes of operation are presented. Engineering design, pit layout, and equipment selection are discussed with mathematical derivations. Two computer programs were written to aid in pit design and equipment selection. One can be used to select the bucket size and reach of shovels and draglines for various pit widths. It will also calculate the number of drills, loading shovels, trucks, and bulldozers needed to achieve a production target. The second program can be used to select the number of bulldozers, scrapers, and front-end loaders needed to achieve the desired production.