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Incendivity of Some Coal-cutter Materials by Impact-abrasion in Air- methane.

Blickensderfer RA; Deardorff DK; Kelley JE
NTIS: PB 234 690 :20 pages
Test equipment that simulated frictional impacts between coal-cutter bits and mineral inclusions at a coal face during operation of a continuous coal mining machine was used to study the incendivity of impacts between various rocks, metals, and hard-metal alloys in an explosive mixture of air-7 pct natural gas. Quartzitic sandstone was found to be the most incendive of several rocks tested. Limestone concretions from a coal seam, known locally as "sulfur balls," sparked furiously but were not incendive. The type of steel used in commercial coal-cutter tools was the most incendive metal tested. A 17-4ph stainless steel was less incendive and appears to be the most promising high-strength steel alloy for use in coal- cutter bits. Some hard-metal alloys, primarily titanium and zirconium diboride composites, were also evaluated as possible replacements for the conventional cobalt-bonded tungsten carbide used in the tip of coal-cutter bits. The metal-bonded diborides were generally less incendive but more brittle than the conventional tungsten carbide. Carbonitride coatings on tool bits were also tested but found to have no advantage. Immediately after impact, a yellow flash was observed and a smear of metal near its melting point occurred on the rock. This hotspot on the rock, rather than the yellow flash or sparks or metal fragments, were observed to be the cause of the ignition.
Publication Date
Document Type
IH; Report of Investigations
Fiscal Year
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
RI 7930
NIOSH Division
Source Name
NTIS: PB 234 690
Page last reviewed: December 10, 2021
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division