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Laboratory determination of factors affecting storage of North Dakota lignite: computer simulation of spontaneous heating.
Sondreal EA; Ellman RC
Grand Forks, ND: U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Mines, RI 7887, 1974 Apr; :1-83
Material and energy balances for stockpiled lignite were calculated by computer simulation techniques to determine the occurrence of spontaneous heating. Data on properties of lignite which affect spontaneous heating were required. In some cases, best values from reported data were utilized; in other cases, new data were developed. These include specific studies on the rate and conditions that influence oxidation, heat of oxidation, heat of wetting, specific heat, thermal conductivity, and permeability of stockpiles to air. These data are presented and discussed in detail for possible application to other studies. Results of computer simulations confirm past field experience on the storage of lignite containing as-mined moisture, and predict a greater risk of heat occurrence in stockpiles of dried lignite where experience is lacking. Successful storage was predicted for dried lignite of 20 pct moisture content, if it were cooled after drying and compacted to an interparticle void fraction of 9 pct (bulk density of 67 lb/cu ft) compared to 10 pct void fraction (72 lb/cu ft) for as-mined lignite.
IH; Report of Investigations
NTIS Accession No.
Grand Forks, ND: U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Mines, RI 7887
Page last reviewed: December 10, 2021
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