Plates With Rows of Holes Considered as Anisotropic Soft-inclusion Models of Three-dimensional Room-and-pillar Mining Systems.
NTIS: PB 196 684 :28 pages
In this report, the Bureau of Mines presents a method for reducing the complexity of designing room-and-pillar mining systems by treating them as anisotropic soft inclusions in the surrounding ore or host rock. Theoretical models were derived for the calculation of the effective young's moduli for these systems. The predicted behavior of the plate-type elements used in these models agreed well with test results from 21 plates each with 49 holes spaced on a 7 x 7 cartesian grid. The plates behaved as anisotropic solids, the effective young's moduli of which could be predicted from the scaled hole size and spacing. Actual hole shape was insignificant. The effective young's moduli for simple mining systems are calculated in sample problems. This approach should provide information about field stress in the mining region and the stress distribution in the surrounding ore or host rock when the actual mining configuration is replaced by an anisotropic inclusion in a finite element analysis. The field stress within the inclusion can then be applied to the actual opening shape to determine the stress distribution within the mining region.
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