Advanced materials have enormous potential for being applied in all phases of mining, from exploration through processing of ore. These materials offer a means of improving mining efficiency, reducing costs, improving ore recovery, encouraging the development of low- grade ore deposits, and reducing health and safety risks to miners. This U.S. Bureau of Mines report examines the state of the art of new and improved materials and identifies and documents potential applications for these materials in mining. Some of the factors considered in evaluating the application of advanced materials in mining are performance capabilities, cost effectiveness, ecomomic benefits, problems of manufacturing and processing, and failure and safety criteria. Some of the materials that were evaluated include advanced ceramics, advanced composites, metals, superconductive materials, and cement-based materials.