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Strategies for encouraging miners to stay away from unsupported roof and perform self-protective actions.
Pittsburgh, PA: U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Mines, IC 9283, 1991 Jan; :1-29
Groundfall accidents have been the leading cause of fatalities in the underground coal mining industry for many years. Statistics from the Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA) indicate that approximately half of the victims of these fatal accidents were in an area where no devices had been installed to support the mine roof. This report was prepared by the U.S. Bureau of Mines to provide guidance to operators of underground mines concerning the use of techniques that may help to keep miners from going under unsupported mine roof. The report is divided into two major sections. The first section reviews the findings from several areas of empirical research pertaining to strategies for convincing employees to avoid unsafe acts and/or adopt self-protective behaviors. The strategies are (1) incentives and feedback, (2) disciplinary actions, (3) training (primarily fear communications and behavioral modeling), and (4) nondirective techniques. This literature review has a broad focus and should be helpful in making decisions about how to encourage a wide variety of types of self- protective behaviors. The second major section of the report presents an analysis of each strategy's potential for keeping miners away from unsupported roof.
Safety-measures; Wounds-and-injuries; Working-conditions; Procedures; Coal-mining; US-MSHA; Mine-equipment; Human-behavior; Human-factors; Mine-surveys; Mine-shafts; Reviews; Incentives; Inspections; Roofs; Occupational-safety-and-health; Accident-prevention; Safety-engineering; Underground-mining; Mining-engineering
IH; Information Circular
NTIS Accession No.
Pittsburgh, PA: U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Mines, IC 9283
Page last reviewed: April 12, 2019
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division