NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search

Separation of Copper from Scrap by Preferential Melting. Laboratory and Economic Evaluation.

Authors
Leak-VG; Fine-MM; Dolezal-H
Source
NTIS: PB 226 090 :48 pages
Link
NIOSHTIC No.
10009077
Abstract
A technique for recovering copper and steel from metallic scrap has been developed by the Bureau of Mines based on preferential melting in molten salt baths at 1,150 deg to 1,250 deg c. The molten salt, preferably barium chloride or calcium chloride, both minimizes oxidation of the metals and promotes heat transfer. Cleanest separations (0.01 percent copper remaining in iron) have been achieved by pretreatment (dipping or spraying) with sodium sulfate or sodium silicate, which alters and coats the surface of the iron to inhibit the alloying or brazing with copper. An economic evaluation of the process was carried out on six combinations of sweating media and inhibiting reagents. On the basis of the postulated model, a cost of about $0.20 Per pound of copper recovered has been determined for the sweating treatment operation.
Publication Date
19730101
Document Type
IH; Report of Investigation;
Fiscal Year
1973
NTIS Accession No.
PB-226090
NTIS Price
A04
Identifying No.
RI 7809
NIOSH Division
TCRC;
Source Name
NTIS: PB 226 090
Page last reviewed: April 12, 2019
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division