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Reactions of Copper Sulfide Minerals With Chlorine in an Aqueous System.
NTIS: PB 225 336/7 :10 pages
The Bureau of Mines conducted research on reactions of copper sulfide minerals with chlorine in an aqueous system. Selected samples of covellite, chalcopyrite, chalcocite, bornite, and pyrite were leached with aqueous chlorine solutions. The mineral samples were sized to minus 100- plus 325-mesh, individually mixed with precleaned sand and leached in an enclosed percolation column. Each mineral was leached in stages to achieve about 90 percent mineral dissolution. The chlorine leaching solutions were produced by reacting sodium hypochlorite with hydrochloric acid within the closed system. The study showed that when the mineral dissolution was complete, the reaction products (copper, iron, and sulfur) were in their highest oxidation states and a stoichiometric amount of chlorine was consumed. Although elemental sulfur formed as an intermediate product, it was oxidized to sulfate during the leach.
IH; Report of Investigation;
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS: PB 225 336/7
Page last reviewed: April 12, 2019
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division