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Radioactive Tracer Pulse Method of Evaluating Fracturing of Underground Oil Shale Formations.
NTIS: PB 225 349 :33 pages
A Bureau of Mines feasibility study on the use of tracer pulses to assess the degree of fracturing in an underground formation consisted of three phases: 1. A laboratory study on sand packs and open tubes, which developed a correlation between dispersion of the pulse and size of the flow channels. 2. A test on a retort, 11 feet in diameter and 45 feet high, packed with shale rubble. Void volume was measured, but evaluation of channel size was not possible because of interference from the space unoccupied by the matrix. 3. A field test on an explosively fractured shale formation. Pressure, flow, and transit time led to qualitative estimates of fracture pattern, but quantitative detection of dispersion in the formation was overwhelmed by dispersion effects in the well.
IH; Report of Investigation;
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS: PB 225 349
Page last reviewed: March 11, 2019
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division