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Optimizing Decomposition of Carbonyl Sulfide in an Electrical Discharge.

Haas LA; Anderson CF; Khalafalla SE
NTIS: PB 214 210 :17 pages
Carbonyl sulfide (cos) was decomposed to sulfur and CO in a silent electrical discharge. A threshold of about 4 kv at 60 hz was required to dissociate the gas in a laboratory ozonizer at 790 torr with electrode gaps between 1 and 5.5 Mm. Above the threshold value, the reaction rate increased with increasing voltage with helium or nitrogen diluent. With the latter diluent, higher voltage had to be applied to obtain the same yield in the 4- to 12-kv range. The cos decomposition rate increased with cos concentration, but a saturation value was reached at about 10 pct cos. The reaction rate decreased at low linear gas velocities as obtained at lower gas flows, larger electrode gaps, or larger reactor volumes. Increasing gas temperature also decreased the decomposition rate. The presence of solid adsorbents such as quartz wool, bauxite, or charcoal had no significant effect on the reaction rate. The addition of so2 did not affect the cos decomposition rate, but small amounts of water decreased the reaction rate. Over 50 pct of the cos was decomposed at room temperature and atmospheric pressure in a 17-kv ozonizer using a gas containing 0.9 pct cos in helium flowing at a rate of 0.3 Liter/min. The average current was less than 5 ma. This method has possible application in eliminating the toxic air pollutant, cos.
Publication Date
Document Type
IH; Report of Investigation;
Fiscal Year
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
RI 7698
NIOSH Division
Source Name
NTIS: PB 214 210
Page last reviewed: December 10, 2021
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division