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Extraction of Gold from Carbonaceous Ores: Pilot Plant Studies.

Scheiner BJ; Lindstrom RE; Guay WJ; Peterson DG
NTIS: PB 208 003 :20 pages
Oxidation procedures based on the chlorine-hypochlorite system were investigated for improving gold recovery from carbonaceous gold ores. The oxidation pretreatment prior to cyanidation was accomplished by (1) addition of sodium hypochlorite to ore pulp, (2) by addition of chlorine to ore pulp, and (3) by generation of hypochlorite in situ by electrolysis of a brine solution used to pulp the ore. Gold extraction of 90 pct was achieved by cyanidation of carbonaceous ore that had been pretreated with 20 lb per ton sodium hypochlorite at 50 deg c for 4 hours. Similarly, pretreatment of the ore pulp with 35 lb chlorine per ton at 24 deg to 30 deg c for 15 hours reaction time resulted in 89-pct gold extraction by subsequent cyanidation. Concomitant studies showed that electrolyzing the pulp prepared with a brine solution was equally as effective as electrolyzing hypochlorite and chlorine for oxidizing carbonaceous ore constituents that are deleterious to cyanidation. Gold extraction of 90 pct was obtained by electrolysis when 275 lb of ore was treated at 200 amp for 7 hours in an 8- to 10- pct salt solution. Power consumption was in the range of 60 kwhr per ton.
Publication Date
Document Type
IH; Report of Investigation;
Fiscal Year
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
RI 7597
NIOSH Division
Source Name
NTIS: PB 208 003
Page last reviewed: December 10, 2021
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division