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Trends in Iron Casting Compositions as Related to Ferrous Scrap Quality and Other Variables: 1981-86.

Nafziger RH; Hartman AD; Farrell RF
MISSING :70 pages
Owing to the growth of alloy steel production and its influence on tramp element levels when recycled, foundries have expressed concern regarding the quality of scrap used to prepare iron castings. Reliable and current information was unavailable on the amount of tramp elements contained in iron castings over time. Accordingly, the U.S. Bureau of Mines, in cooperation with the American Foundrymen's Society, analyzed cast iron samples from participating foundries throughout the United States on a quarterly basis to ascertain possible trends. Each sample was analyzed for 28 elements to determine if changes had occurred as a function of several input variables. This bulletin describes the research and presents analytical results and evaluations over a 5-3/4-year period from January 1981 to September 1986. Results show that iron casting compositions were changing with respect to a few tramp elements such as arsenic, chromium, cobalt, tin, and zinc over the period. Changes in charge compositions probably were responsible. Significant variations between zones also were observed with aluminum, arsenic, chromium, cobalt, copper, and manganese.
Publication Date
Fiscal Year
Identifying No.
B 693
NIOSH Division
Source Name
Page last reviewed: December 3, 2021
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division