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Acid Mine Drainage as a Lixiviant for Leaching Carbonate-hosted Zinc Sulfide Ores from East and Central Tennessee.

Authors
Hammack-RW; Sharp-FA
Source
Proceeds 1990 :199-205
Link
NIOSHTIC No.
10008657
Abstract
Column and shakeflask tests by the U.S. Bureau of Mines indicated that acidic effluents from weathering coal waste piles are excellent low-cost lixiviants for leaching carbonate-hosted sphalerite ores. These effluents contain acidity, ferric iron, and iron- and sulfur- oxidizing bacteria, the components necessary for effective leaching of metal sulfide ores. Carbonate surfaces exposed to these effluents quickly developed a passivated layer of gypsum and amorphous ferric iron compounds that inhibited acid consumption. Noncarbonate minerals, including sphalerite, chert, and barite, remained uncoated and were thus available to leaching action. The tests to date have shown up to 85-pct zinc recovery over a 20-day period for minus 200-mesh ore.
Publication Date
19900101
Document Type
OP;
Fiscal Year
1990
Identifying No.
OP 254-90
NIOSH Division
PRC;
Source Name
Proceeds, 1990 National Symp. on Mining, Lexington, Kentucky, 5/14-18/90. Univ, Kentucky, PP. 199-205
State
KY; TN;
Page last reviewed: April 12, 2019
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division