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Regression Modeling of Spinal Forces During Constrained Lifting Postures.
Hamrick CA; Gallagher S; Love AC
Proc Human Factors Society 34th Annual Meeting--1990 Human Factors Soc 1990 :669-673
Back injuries are the leading cause of lost work time in the U.S. coal mining industry. Miners frequently perform labor in constrained postures, namely stooped and kneeling, owing to low seam heights. This U.S. Bureau of Mines work uses regression models coupled with a biomechanical model to predict forces and torques in the spine during lifting tasks performed in constrained postures. Twelve males performed tasks consisting of symmetric lifting, asymmetric lifting, symmetric lowering, and asymmetric lowering. Independent variables included posture (stooped or kneeling), height of lift, and weight of lift. Dependent variables included estimates of spinal compressive forces, spinal shear forces, and torques about the spine. Regression models were developed that predicted the spinal loads based upon the statistically significant independent variables and interactions. These regression models can be used to estimate spinal loads during actual lifting tasks, and these loads can be compared to known limits to determine the relative risk associated with a particular task. In this way, the models can be used to better design manual materials-handling tasks that are performed in restricted postures.
Proc. Human Factors Society 34th Annual Meeting--1990; Human Factors Soc., 1990, PP. 669-673
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