On March 20, 1989, at the request of Senator Pete V. Domenici of New Mexico, a meeting was held at the U.S. Bureau of Mines Pittsburgh Research Center to engender a technical relationship between the national laboratories and the minerals industry. During the meeting, the Director of the Bureau of Mines, T. S. Ary, suggested that since the Bureau is the focal point for mining research in the United States, it would be appropriate for the agency to act as the liaison between the national laboratories and the minerals industry. The author reviewed the mining and mineral-related technology available at 21 major U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) research laboratories in the hope that the scientific and technical areas covered by DOE research would provide fertile ground for mining- related technologies and would be indicative of federal laboratories in general. Opportunities for interagency technology transfer were identified and a program to improve the Bureau of Mines' performance as the focal point for federal laboratory technology applicable to the U.S. mining and minerals industry is recommended. The program should be established within the Bureau's Technology Transfer Office, reporting to the Washington Office, but physically located at a large research center and provided with administrative and clerical support. Three Bureau professionals knowledgeable in mining systems, metallurgy, and environmental engineering would strive to identify technology transfer opportunities to the U.S. mining and minerals industry, the cooperating federal laboratory, and the Bureau.