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Mine fire diagnostics in abandoned bituminous coal mines.

Authors
Dalverny LE; Chaiken RF; Kim AG
Source
Proceedings of the 1990 Mining and Reclamation Confenence and Exhibition. Skousen J, Sencindiver J, Samuel D, eds. Morgantown, WV: West Virginia University, Pub Svc 1990 2:527-534
Link
NIOSHTIC No.
10008411
Abstract
The U.S. Bureau of Mines is developing a mine fire diagnostic methodology to locate and monitor fires in abandoned coal mines and waste banks. The method assumes that (1) measurable changes in the emission of low-molecular-weight hydrocarbons from coal are directly temperature dependent, and (2) analysis of controlled underground airflow between borehole sampling points can determine the source of the hydrocarbons. A hydrocarbon ratio, R1, a signature for heated coal, is related to the relative concentrations of methane and total hydrocarbons (methane through pentane). An exhaust fan attached to a borehole creates underground pressure gradients that control the movement of gases past a network of borehole sampling points. Changes in R1 value are correlated with the assumed direction of gasflow between borehole pairs. Multiple tests with different orientations allow spatial definition of both heated and cold subsurface zones. The mine fire diagnostic methodology has been used to define noncontiguous combustion zones, locate cold boundaries in remote combustion areas, determine effects of extinguishment activities on the fire, and accomplish long-term monitoring. Results obtained at two abandoned bituminous coal mine fires are discussed.
Keywords
Mining; Mining industry; Mine fires; Underground mines; Underground mining; Abandoned mines
Publication Date
19900101
Document Type
OP; Conference/Symposia Proceedings
Editors
Skousen J; Sencindiver J; Samuel D
Fiscal Year
1990
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
OP 253-90
NIOSH Division
PRC
Source Name
Proceedings of the 1990 Mining and Reclamation Confenence and Exhibition
State
WV; PA
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