Effective First-line Supervision in Underground Coal Mining.
Training Resources Applied to Mng XV & XVI Proceedings West Virginia Univ & Pennsylvania State Univ Pp 25-31 :25-31
First-line supervisors of underground coal mining crews have a difficult job. They are frequently not paid significantly more than their subordinates, they suffer more than their share of lost-time and fatal accidents, and they bear the primary responsibility for the productivity and safety of their crews. Because little is known about how these supervisors actually lead their crews, the objective of this study was to accumulate objective descriptions of what coal mine supervisors do and to compare these descriptions with a normative leadership theory of what supervisors ought to do.
Training Resources Applied to Mng. XV & XVI Proceedings, West Virginia Univ. & Pennsylvania State Univ., Pp 25-31