Detinning ferrous products from urban waste for use in steelmaking.
Makar-HV; Wiegard-BJ Jr.; Gresh-EL III
Avondale, MD: U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Mines, RI 8404, 1979 Jan; :1-16
Ferrous fractions recovered from urban refuse were tested by the Bureau of Mines, U.S. Department of the Interior, to assess their character, composition, and response to detinning. This research was conducted as part of the Bureau's efforts to conserve mineral resources through recycling. Results from laboratory and pilot tests established the technical feasibility of detinning scrap recovered from household refuse. Detinned products containing less than 0.03 percent residual tin were produced. Concentrations of other residual elements were determined and compared with those in existing commercial scrap and with proposed specifications. Studies were extended to include evaluations under commercial conditions. Preliminary tests on 5 1/2 short tons of ferrous fractions revealed the need for adequate shredding to assure optimum metal-caustic contact and minimize retention of tin-bearing rinse solution in the final baled product. The washed metal product contained 0.06 percent residual tin. Subsequent melt tests showed a yield of 91.4 percent. Based on these studies, full-scale commercial demonstrations showed that detinned bales equivalent to No. 1 bundle quality could be produced in carload quantities. Up to 5 pounds of tin per gross ton of scrap is concurrently recovered during the detinning process.
IH; Report of Investigations
NTIS Accession No.
Avondale, MD: U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Mines, RI 8404