NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search

Impact of higher ecological costs on surface mining.

Authors
Foreman WE
Source
Washington, DC: U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Mines, OFR 12-75, 1974 Jan; :1-170
Link
NIOSHTIC No.
10008007
Abstract
A study was undertaken to determine the cost per ton of surface mined coal that will be required to reach reclamation standards in Kentucky, Pennsylvania, Virginia, and West Virginia. A mathematical model was developed to calculate the cost of surface reclamation using the shovel overcasting method, the front-end loader operation, and the backfilling operation method. The actual local costs for each unit process were obtained from surface mining permits in Virginia and used to validate the mathematical model. The actual costs were found to closely approximate those used in the model in the first computer run.
Keywords
Surface mining; Land reclamation; Strip mining; Coal mining; Cost estimates; Mathematical models; Backfills; Dams; Planting; Earthworking; Computer programs; Soil conservation; Soil stabilization; Erosion control
Publication Date
19740101
Document Type
CP; Final Contract Report
Fiscal Year
1974
NTIS Accession No.
PB-240441
NTIS Price
A09
Identifying No.
OFR 12-75
NIOSH Division
WO
Source Name
Washington, DC: U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Mines, OFR 12-75
State
DC; KY; PA; VA; WV
Performing Organization
Virginia Polytechnic Institute. & State University
Page last reviewed: September 2, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division