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Impact of Higher Ecological Costs on Surface Mining.
NTIS: PB 240 441 :170 pages
A study was undertaken to determine the cost per ton of surface mined coal that will be required to reach reclamation standards in Kentucky, Pennsylvania, Virginia, and West Virginia. A mathematical model was developed to calculate the cost of surface reclamation using the shovel overcasting method, the front-end loader operation, and the backfilling operation method. The actual local costs for each unit process were obtained from surface mining permits in Virginia and used to validate the mathematical model. The actual costs were found to closely approximate those used in the model in the first computer run.
CP; Final Contract Report;
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS: PB 240 441
KY; PA; VA; WV;
Virginia Polytech. Inst. & St. Univ.
Page last reviewed: April 12, 2019
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division