Incinerated municipal sewage sludge as a potential secondary resource for metals and phosphorus.
Avondale, MD: U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Mines, RI 8390, 1979 Jan; :1-23
Evaluation of incinerated sewage sludge as a secondary resource for aluminum, phosphorus, and minor constituents such as copper and zinc was initiated as part of the Bureau of Mines secondary resource program. The elemental composition of sludge ash for 14 plants in 11 U.S. cities was determined. Comparing industrialized cities with cities where most of the sewage is domestic, significant differences in heavy metal content were noted. Various parameters were investigated affecting the extraction of metals and phosphorus from a typical industrial city sludge ash and from a Palo Alto, California, sludge ash with a high precious metal content. Three extraction- recovery procedures for metals and phosphorus using sulfuric acid leaching, ion exchange, and various precipitation techniques were investigated. The last procedure developed was a combination approach using a three-stage countercurrent sulfuric acid leach that recovered most of the economic values from the sludge ash and also removed the leachable fraction of elements of environmental concern.
IH; Report of Investigations
NTIS Accession No.
Avondale, MD: U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Mines, RI 8390