NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search

Factors Affecting Fabricability of Electrowon Copper.

Holamn JL; McIlwain JF; Neumeier LA
NTIS: PB 277 926 :46 pages
The federal Bureau of Mines has conducted research to delineate factors affecting relative fabricability of electrowon and electrorefined copper. The Bureau's Rolla metallurgy research center coordinated and participated in a statistical round-robin chemical analysis and performed impact tests on lead-doped copper specimens. In a series of round-robin analyses, cathode, bar, or rod from a domestic lot of electrorefined copper and electrowon copper from a domestic and a Peruvian source were analyzed for pb, fe, bi, se, ag, o, s, sb, and seven other elements. The electrowon cathode from both sources surpassed requirements for electrolytic cathode, although lead in the Peruvian lot exceeded specification for oxygen-free electronic grade. The least interlaboratory agreement was for oxygen analysis. Copper specimens, doped with up to approximately 300 ppm pb and consisting of as-cast material (fine- grained or coarse-grained) and hot-rolled material, were impact- tested at temperatures to 871 deg c (1,600 deg f). Impact energy of fine-grained material dropped 26 pct with increased pb up to 20 ppm and more gradually thereafter. Coarse-grained specimens fractured at lower energy with little dependence on lead. Hot rolling raised impact energy substantially. Grain structure is evidently as significant as lead in influencing workability. Some discussion is given of possible effects of oxygen, sulfur, and porosity.
Publication Date
Document Type
IH; Report of Investigation;
Fiscal Year
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
RI 8261
NIOSH Division
Source Name
NTIS: PB 277 926
Page last reviewed: November 26, 2021
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division