Beneficiation of unweathered Indian calcareous phosphate rock by calcination and hydration.
Albany, OR: U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Mines, RI 8154, :1-17
Unweathered low-grade calcareous phosphate rock of about 20 percent P2O5 grade was beneficiated by a precedure in which contained carbonates were decomposed by calcination at about 1,000 deg c. On quenching the hot calcined rock in water, major impurities passed into a slime phase which was mechanically separated from a coarser concentrate fraction. Phosphate rock of two major types was beneficiated in batch-scale studies yielding concentrates containing 31.3 to 38.5 percent P2O5 at recoveries ranging from 54.8 to 86.0 percent. The samples were from two major deposits in India. Processing information gained was utilized in extending the work to a continuous-flow system, processing phosphate rock at rates to 157 kilograms per hour. Superphosphate exceeding 16 percent water- soluble P2O5 was prepared from concentrate derived from continuous- flow processing.
Report of Investigations
NTIS Accession No.
Albany, OR: U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Mines, RI 8154