The fatigue-failure characteristics under high-frequency (10 khz) cyclic loading were determined for a marble, granite, and quartzite. The rock specimens were cyclicly loaded (using a high-power piezoelectronic sonic transducer) at a constant strain amplitude generated by forming a longitudinal standing stress (strain) wave in the cylindrical test specimen. The number of load cycles required to fail each rock type at a given strain amplitude was determined. The fatigue fractures were tensile in nature, and the fracture load amplitudes were as low as 30 pct of the static tensile strength. Also the internal heating of the rock caused by the material damping (internal friction) was measured. The damping and internal heat generation in the specimens was analyzed to show that nearly all of the power input can be accounted for as a change in enthalpy in the specimen. Using these results, the thermal strain in the rock was calculated to evaluate its contribution to fatigue failure. The thermal strain was found to range up to 30 pct of the dynamic strain amplitude depending on the load amplitude and the number of load cycles. The specific energy required for failure was determined, and possible applications of the high-frequency fatigue fragmentation process are discussed.