The Bureau of Mines mining research activities are mission oriented and are directed towards the conservation of our nation's mineral resources, the protection of the miner from health and safety, hazards, and the control of social and economic costs to help assure a viable mining industry in the United States. Research efforts are conducted on mining health and safety, production, and environmental control. The largest of these areas, health and safety, has been the agency's major mining research responsibility since the Bureau was established in 1910. For administrative purposes this research is subdivided into (1) coal health, (2) coal safety, and (3) metal and nonmetal health and safety. The annual mining research review provides an overview of current mining research project activities.