Bureau of Mines Research 77. A Summary of Significant Results in Mining, Metallurgy, and Mineral Economics.
From its establishment in 1910, the Bureau of Mines was involved only in health and safety, education, and fuels testing. As the federal government's primary agency for research in minerals, the Bureau has performed scientific and technological investigations into mining, processing minerals, eliminating occupational and safety hazards in the mineral industries, economic development, and resource conservation. Today, the Bureau undertakes a broad spectrum of programs to meet the needs of the mineral industries, government, and the public. In the 1960's the Bureau initiated programs to resolve environmental problems associated with past mining and mineral processing operations. In the 1970's the energy crisis raised concerns about our limited supplies of domestic mineral and fuel resources. Dependence on foreign sources of raw materials critical to the national economy and competition from other countries for these world supplies stimulated the need to conserve and use intelligently the nation's minerals, metals, and fuels. In response to those concerns, the Bureau developed improved technology for extracting, processing, and recycling domestic minerals, metals, and fossil fuels. The seventh in a series of annual Bureau of Mines publications, research 77 highlights significant research projects and mineral data studies conducted in the past fiscal year, and includes a list of publications reporting results of research for the last 3 years.