This publication evaluates the world significance of Chinese minerals. The history of growth and the mineral supply position of the People's Republic of China are reviewed. Evaluations are made on policy considerations and regional and technical factors affecting mineral development. The People's Republic of China mineral trade and efforts to obtain equipment, supplies, and know- how are assessed. Specific reviews are made on major mineral sectors, including coal and power, oil and gas, iron and steel, nonferrous metals, industrial minerals, and fertilizers and chemicals. The overall outlook is summarized.