The consideration of human factors in the design of a backing-up warning system.
Proceedings of the Human Factors Society 30th Annual Meeting, September 29-October 3, 1986, Dayton, Ohio. Santa Monica, CA: Human Factors Society, 1986 Sep; 1:261-264
Despite the use of automatic backing-up warning systems, large mobile equipment is still involved in reversing collisions, causing injuries, fatalities, and property damage. This paper discusses specific human factors that contribute to the failure of this type of system as used on front-end loaders in the surface mining industry. The use of the backing-up automatic alarm causes the operators to lose the perception of responsibility for vigilant behavior, while the ground crew predictably become habituated to the alarm. These human factors and their interaction with the noise pollution created by the alarms sets up a potentially unsafe condition. Bureau of Mines research into discriminating backup warning systems could provide an effective alternative to the conventional backup alarm.
Human-factors-engineering; Warning-devices; Warning-signs; Warning-systems; Motor-vehicles; Surface-mining; Mining-equipment; Mining-industry
OP; Conference/Symposia Proceedings
Proceedings of the Human Factors Society 30th Annual Meeting, September 29-October 3, 1986, Dayton, Ohio