Combustion Emissions from Coal, Wood, and Transformer Fluid.
Paper in Heat Transfer in Combustion Systems, 1989 Jun :8 pages
The Bureau of Mines analyzed the combustion emissions of coal, wood, and transformer fluid for the following: (1) smoke characteristics-- mass and number concentrations, particle diameter, obscuration rate, and optical density; (2) gas concentrations--co2 and co; (3) thermal properties--heat-release rates and heats of combustion; and (4) production comparisons--generation rates, beta values, and relative values. Coal produced the highest CO concentration and the greatest number of smoke particles. Wood burned with the greatest intensity and produced the highest co2 concentration. The smoke from transformer fluid fires had the largest particle diameter with the highest mass and obscuration rate.
Ashgriz-N; Quintiere-JG; Semerjian-HG; Slezak-SE;
Paper in Heat Transfer in Combustion Systems, Ed. by Ashgriz, Quintiere, Semerjian, and Slezak