NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search

Use of an In-seam Tester to Determine Effects of Bit Type on Primary Dust Generation.

Sundae LS
MISSING :13 pages
A U.S. Bureau of Mines designed and fabricated in-seam tester, retrofitted with a dust shroud, was used to establish a respirable dust index (rdi) and to determine cutting forces from a variety of bit types in four coal mines and a salt mine. Results from cutting tests at four coal mines showed that radial bits required the lowest cutting force and the least specific energy. Generally, for each conical bit the rdi and cutting force increased when the included bit tip angles increased from 70 deg to 90 deg. During field tests it was not possible to measure the total quantity of respirable dust produced by each cut; therefore, attempts were made to determine the amount of dust that became airborne from each test cut. The test results show that the quantity of airborne respirable dust is very erratic and cannot be related to bit type. Two statistical methods were employed to analyze rdi, but no correlation was found between the rdi and bit type. Despite scatter in test results for rdi, significant difference was found in rdi generated in four coal seams. In general, rdi increased with increased cutting force.
Publication Date
Document Type
IH; Report of Investigations;
Fiscal Year
Identifying No.
RI 9263
NIOSH Division
Source Name
Page last reviewed: November 26, 2021
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division