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A Program Plan for Determining Optimum Roof Bolt Tension. Theory and Application of Rock Reinforcement in Coal Mines. Volume 1 of 2.

Lang TA; Bischoff JA; Wagner PL
NTIS: PB/80-179195 :1-257
The objective of this investigation was to develop a program plan of analytical studies and tests to determine (1) the optimum installation tension of a coal mine roof bolt, (2) the most valid bolt support theory or theories, and (3) the most valid roof failure theory or theories. On this basis, a comprehensive literature search was made and significant material dealing with coal mine behavior, roof bolting, and roof support was collected, reviewed, classified, and analyzed. Emphasis was given to the influence of rock reinforcement on the control of deformation, stress field modification, and mine roof stability. An assessment was made of the effect of various parameters including bolt tension, bolt pattern, and time of installation on the effectiveness of rock reinforcement systems, and equations were developed for bolt tension as a function of these parameters and rock properties. From these studies, a major program plan of tests and studies was developed to verify and validate the most tenable theories of roof behavior and roof support and to determine optimum bolt installation tension.
Publication Date
Document Type
CP; Final Contract Report
Fiscal Year
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
OFR 60(1)-80
NIOSH Division
Source Name
NTIS: PB/80-179195
Performing Organization
Leeds, Hill & Jewett, Inc.
Page last reviewed: May 11, 2023
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division