The objective of this investigation was to develop a program plan of analytical studies and tests to determine (1) the optimum installation tension of a coal mine roof bolt, (2) the most valid bolt support theory or theories, and (3) the most valid roof failure theory or theories. On this basis, a comprehensive literature search was made and significant material dealing with coal mine behavior, roof bolting, and roof support was collected, reviewed, classified, and analyzed. Emphasis was given to the influence of rock reinforcement on the control of deformation, stress field modification, and mine roof stability. An assessment was made of the effect of various parameters including bolt tension, bolt pattern, and time of installation on the effectiveness of rock reinforcement systems, and equations were developed for bolt tension as a function of these parameters and rock properties. From these studies, a major program plan of tests and studies was developed to verify and validate the most tenable theories of roof behavior and roof support and to determine optimum bolt installation tension.