Recovery of Precious Metals from Cyanide Solutions Using Ion- exchange Resins.
Palmer-GR; Staker-WL; Sandberg-RG
Proc Symp Miner Met & Mater Soc Ann Mtg Miner Met & Mater Soc 1988 :81-91
The U.S. Bureau of Mines investigated the use of ion-exchange technology for the recovery of precious metals from cyanide leach and spent electrolytic solutions. This research included adsorption of gold and silver on both weak- and strong-base anion-exchange resins. The effects of nickel, mercury, and iron on precious metal loading of strong-base resins were also determined. Owing to the nonselectivity of strong-base resins, selective elution also was investigated. Both commercially available and experimental weak- base anion-exchange resins were tested. None of the commercial weak- base resins tested were suitable for a caustic-cyanide system owing to their low recovery of precious metals at ph 10 or above; however, three experimental resins have possible application. Continuous tests conducted with mill cyanide solution in a multicompartmented ion-exchange column using strong-base anion-exchange resins adsorbed nearly 100 pct of the precious metals as well as the iron and nickel. During the elution of this loaded resin the iron was first removed with nacl plus naoh; then nickel with dilute h2so4 or hcl; finally gold and silver with thiourea in dilute hcl.
Proc. Symp. Miner., Met., & Mater. Soc. Ann. Mtg; Miner., Met., & Mater. Soc., 1988, PP. 81-91