Recovery of Rutile from a Porphyry Copper Tailings Sample.
Llewellyn TO; Sullivan GV
MISSING :18 pages
The Bureau of Mines conducted batch-scale tests on a sample of porphyry copper mill tailings as part of a study to determine the feasibility of rutile recovery from this source. The tailings that were tested contained 0.75 percent titanium dioxide (tio2), with about two-thirds of the tio2 values occurring as rutile. Mineralogical studies indicated that about one-half of the tio2 content could be considered recoverable. Beneficiation studies of the tailings showed that best flotation results were obtained when sulfides and carbonates were removed by bulk flotation prior to rutile flotation. Rutile flotation was most effective when a petroleum sulfonate collector was used in an acid circuit. From this basic method of flotation, two alternative procedures were developed. The first procedure was to size and grind the tailings to minus 200 mesh; deslime the total pulp; and then float the sulfides, carbonates, and rutile. The second procedure was the same, except that it did not include sizing and grinding. Flotation of the sized and ground tailings yielded rutile concentrates containing 43.1 percent tio2 and 75.7 percent of the recoverable tio2. Rutile concentrates floated from the tailings that were deslimed but not ground contained only 34.7 percent tio2 and 69.4 percent of the recoverable tio2.
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