NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search

Method for Measuring the Ionic Activities in Water With Differential Pressure Transducers.

Authors
Gokcen-NA
Source
U S Pat 4 301 676 1981 Nov; :
Link
NIOSHTIC No.
10006740
Abstract
Very accurate measurements of ionic activities of aqueous electrolyte solutions may be obtained from moderately accurate pressure differences between pure water (or a reference liquid) and the aqueous electrolyte solution. A flask containing deionized double distilled water is connected to another flask containing the electrolyte solution by way of a commercially available differential pressure transducer (e.g., Model No. 315 Bh-10, MKS Instruments, Inc., Burlington, Massachusetts). Means are provided for evacuating the flasks simultaneously to remove dissolved gases and for maintaining the pure water and electrolyte solution at a temperature accurate to 0.01 Deg c. Stirrers are provided in the flasks and in the constant temperature bath to maintain a uniform temperature. By controlling the temperature very accurately and obtaining the vapor pressure of the pure water from tables known to be accurate, the activity of water in the electrolyte solution is given by aw = (p deg - ap)/p deg, where aw is the activity of water in the electrolyte solution, p deg is the vapor pressure of water vapor in the reference flask, and ap is the differential pressure as read on the transducer's readout.
Publication Date
19811101
Document Type
PA;
Fiscal Year
1982
Identifying No.
P 36-81
NIOSH Division
ALRC;
Source Name
U.S. Pat. 4,301,676, Nov. 24, 1981; Chem. Abstr. Not Found
State
MA;
Page last reviewed: April 12, 2019
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