A bulk sample of oxidized taconite taken from the Western Mesabi Range was evaluated by the Bureau of Mines using the Bureau- developed selective flocculation-desliming-cationic (or anionic) flotation process. The raw ore sample containing 32.3 pct fe was treated by both cationic and anionic flotation. Using the cationic system the concentrates averaged 37.2 wt-pct of the feed and contained 62.8 pct fe and 4.7 pct sio2 with an iron recovery of 72.3 pct. With the anionic system, concentrates averaged 37.7 wt-pct of the feed and contained 63.0 pct fe and 5.3 pct sio2 with an iron recovery of 73.5 pct. A comparison of reagent costs showed that the cationic process cost 144.1 Cents per long ton of crude ore and the anionic process 178.7 Cents per long ton of crude ore. Reclaimed water comprised 86 pct of the total water requirement for anionic flotation and 88 pct for cationic flotation. The ore used in this study was one of three samples representing about 3.25 billion tons of oxidized taconite containing from 32 to 36 pct feed iron. Previous study had indicated that selective flocculation-desliming- cationic flotation would produce concentrates from the other two samples of 61.7 pct fe and 5.1 pct si02 at 67-pct fe recovery, and 63.5 pct fe and 4.3 pct sio2 at 85-pct fe recovery. By developing a successful treatment for these ores, the Bureau has insured the availability of technology for processing an amount of raw iron ore which, by itself, would supply U.S. iron needs for 50 to 75 years at expected consumption rates.