The purpose of this study was to (1) examine the social and economic impacts of surface mine blasting in relation to variations in conditions of terrain and geology, population density and type, levels of ground motion, and air blast; (2) consider technical, legal, and government policy issues; and (3) examine the potential, nature, and extent of surface mine blasting impacts and the regulations on both communities and surface mining companies. Phase one of the study included a workshop with a panel representing various concerned groups; field testing of social, legal, and technical-cost research design; and the development of a list of variables and indicators. Phase two consisted of a series of empirical studies and technical analyses. Field research teams collected onsite data from mine companies, local communities, and government agencies. A sample of current surface mine permits were analyzed for density patterns and technical analyses were developed concerning annoyance and damage classification. The report presents a summary of the findings of the study.