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Materials requirements and economic growth: a comparison of consumption patterns in industrialized countries.

Fischman LL; Schantz R Jr.; Radcliffe SV
Washington, DC: U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Mines, Contract-J0177118, 1981 Dec; :1-333
A quantitative method of measuring nonenergy materials consumption by industry and consumers was developed for major individual materials and materials as a whole. This method accounted for the net trade flows of materials incorporated in manufactured consumer and capital goods and for the recycling of materials contained in scrap. The principal factors that have determined materials consumption intensities in relation to economic output were identified by relying on comparison of the experiences of four countries: the Federal Republic of Germany, Japan, the United Kingdom, and the United States. Hypotheses were formulated and tested for the relationships between materials consumption, economic activity, and the level of national well-being. Attention was given to the influence of technological factors and to clarifying the interplay between consumption of materials and energy, and the analysis was extended to developing countries. The correlation of domestic industrial consumption, as measured from input-output tables, to the national income from manufacturing and construction proved significant, and the structure of final demand proved to be a main determinant of demand for materials. The field of materials demand forecasting was comprehensively and critically surveyed and the study results were applied to improving methods of forecasting future requirements.
Author Keywords: Consumption; Demand; Economics; Economic development; Great Britain; Japan; Materials estimates; Materials recovery; Production; Recycling; United States; West Germany
Publication Date
Document Type
CP; Final Contract Report
Fiscal Year
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
OFR 31-82; Contract-J0177118
NIOSH Division
Source Name
Washington, DC: U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Mines, Contract-J0177118
Performing Organization
Resources for the Future, Inc.
Page last reviewed: November 19, 2021
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division