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The Solubility of Methane, Carbon Dioxide, and Oxygen in Brines from 0 Deg. to 300 Deg. C.

Cramer SD
MISSING :17 pages
The solubility of methane, carbon dioxide, and oxygen was measured in brines at temperatures from 0 deg to 300 deg c as part of federal Bureau of Mines research on the corrosion of metals in high- temperature geothermal and mineral processing environments. Solubilities were measured by the technique of extracting pure gas, dissolved at pressures where henry's law was applicable, from known volumes of brine. The results were smoothed with respect to temperature. The solubility, expressed in terms of the henry's law constant, reaches a maximum at temperatures ranging from 60 deg to 100 deg c for methane and oxygen, and from 160 deg to 170 deg c for carbon dioxide. The henry's law constant increases, that is, gases are salted out of the brines, in the presence of dissolved salts. Salting-out coefficients are strongly dependent upon temperature. The temperature dependence of the henry's law constant for geothermal brines is different from that for sodium chloride brines owing to the more complex chemistry of the geothermal brines. The solubility of oxygen and carbon dioxide in brines exposed to air saturated with water vapor and at a total pressure of 760 mm hg is reported for temperatures from 0 deg c to the normal boiling point.
Publication Date
Document Type
IH; Report of Investigations
Fiscal Year
Identifying No.
RI 8706
NIOSH Division
Source Name
Page last reviewed: May 11, 2023
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division