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Size and Shape Characterization of Fibrous Zeolites by Electron Microscopy.
Sh-KB; Virta-RL; Wylie-AG
MISSING :20 pages
The U.S. Bureau of Mines particulate mineralogy unit examined the habits of six zeolite minerals commonly occurring in domestic zeolite deposits. Mineral habit is of interest because current theory on the potential for sarcoma production in test animals emphasizes the size and shape of mineral particles, without regard to composition or structure. A scanning electron microscopic study revealed that, of these six minerals, only mordenite and erionite crystallized in acicular to fibrous habits. The fibrous varieties of these two minerals were characterized by size and shape on the transmission electron microscope, and their dimensions were compared with those of asbestos and amphibole cleavage fragments. When comminuted, these two minerals possess "fibrosity indices" similar to those of amphibole cleavage fragments. One sample, a rare woolly erionite, has uniform widths, large aspect ratios, and a "fibrosity index" similar to those of asbestos.
IH; Report of Investigations
Page last reviewed: April 12, 2019
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division