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A seal breaching operation in Quinland Coal Mine: a case study.
Pittsburgh, PA: U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Mines, IC 9207, 1988 Jan; :1-21
In late July 1985, air samples from a sealed portion of the Quinland Coal Mine in West Virginia showed the presence of carbon monoxide (CO). Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA) personnel concluded that a fire was burning behind the seals. Since an imminent danger existed, the mine operator was given a closure order. The gases behind the seals were monitored, and almost 2 million ft3 of carbon dioxide (CO2) gas was pumped into the sealed area to stabilize the environment. Sixteen days after the closure order was issued, MSHA allowed the mine to return to production. Approximately 1 yr later, mine management submitted a seal breaching request to MSHA in order to drive a set of entries to further develop the mine. The Bureau of Mines established a sampling strategy and monitored gases from behind the sealed area during the breaching operation until the atmosphere was safe. This report is an account of the seal breaching conducted by the mine, MSHA, and the Bureau. The logistics of this event, the sampling strategy, and the equations applied could be used by the mining industry in future breachings or mine recovery operations. Time to reenter the area was calculated by using the methane (CH4) concentrations sampled at the discharge of the seals. Tracer gas was used to verify the ventilation flows through the area.
Mining-industry; Mining-engineering; Mine-gases; Underground-mining; Coal-mines; Gas-analysis; Mine-fires; Safety; Coal-mining
74-82-8; 124-38-9; 630-08-0
IH; Information Circular
NTIS Accession No.
Pittsburgh, PA: U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Mines, IC 9207
Page last reviewed: September 2, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division