This Bureau of Mines report presents a summary review of the mineral industries of about 34 countries and areas in the Latin American region of the western hemisphere. Mineral reserves, production, international mineral trade, and the role of minerals within each country and in terms of world supply are reviewed in text and tables. The principal mining companies are listed, and basic information is presented on labor, energy, and transportation, relative to the mineral industries. Base maps for each country or area show the location of major mines, oilfields and gasfields, and plant facilities--including iron and steel works, nonferrous smelters and refineries, and cement plants. Maps also show major roads, pipelines, railways, and ports that are important to mineral transportation and trade.