Determining the effects of management practices on coal miners' safety.
Gaertner-GH; Newman-PD; Perry-MS; Fisher-GP; Whitehead-K
Washington, DC: U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Mines, J0145029, 1987 Dec; :1-347
A 3-year study of 10 mining companies and 62 underground coal mines was undertaken by the Bureau of Mines to determine the effects of management practices on coal miner safety. Site visits were made to all 10 companies, and a second visit was made to 8 of the 10 companies. Data collection procedures included interviews with company- and mine-level personnel, focus group interviews with foremen and hourly employees, content analyses of policies and procedures, and accident, injury, production, and productivity results from mhsa's hsac data base for 1980 through 1986. Findings underline the importance of top management commitment to ensuring a safe, productive mining operation. In the sampled companies, a variety of practices were used by management to communicate safety priorities, although most companies focus on one or two mechanisms. Effective management practices include safety-productivity incentives, disciplinary policies for unsafe behaviors, and concerted efforts to investigate accidents and distribute the results of these investigations. Less effective mechanisms include repeater programs and rehabilitation clinics. The most effective management practices allow participative implementation, followup, and evaluation. They are also generally forcefully advocated by some well-positioned company official, not necessarily in the safety function.
Coal mining; Underground mining; Accident prevention; Industrial accidents; Safety; Management methods; Surveys; Policies; Injuries; Personnel; Disciplining; Productivity; Occupational safety and health
CP; Final Contract Report
NTIS Accession No.
OFR 39-88; Contract-J0145029
Washington, DC: U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Mines, J0145029